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The Science Behind Magnetism: How Magnets Work

Time: Apr 28, 2024 Hits: 1

We see magnets every day. They’re used in everything from refrigerator decorations to computer hard drives. But what makes them tick? Magnetism is an astonishingly intricate and captivating area of scientific study.

The Basics of Magnetism

Magnetism is a force that works over distances to attract or repel objects. It can be produced by moving electrically charged particles or it may exist naturally within magnetic materials like magnets themselves.

The Atomic Theory of Magnetism

According to the atomic theory, which is widely held among scientists today, all magnets consist of numerous small atomic magnets, each one being a tiny magnet in itself. These tiny magnets are often referred to as magnetic dipoles.

Every dipole has two poles – north and south. If you bring two magnets near one another so that their fields overlap, opposite ends will attract while similar parts repulse each other; this forms the basis for understanding how do magnets work at its core.

Magnetic Fields

A magnetic field is an area around a magnetic substance or moving electric charge within which magnetism exerts its force represented by lines of force which originate from the north pole of a magnet and terminates at its south pole .


By the 1800s, researchers had learned that magnetism and electricity were closely linked. Whenever an electric current flows through any wire whatsoever it creates a magnetic field; hence we have electromagnets as well as electric motors based on this principle alone.

Modern Applications of Magnets

Magnets find wide-ranging uses nowadays too! In medicine for example they help create pictures showing detailed views inside our bodies using MRI scanners while technologically speaking speakers require them along with hard drives–yes even credit card stripes contain some form or another! And as far as transportation goes where would we be without maglev trains?


As can be seen from above, there are many different applications of magnetism that have been developed over time. The science behind magnets is an interesting subject which combines various fields such as physics, chemistry or even biology. Not only does understanding how magnets work help us appreciate the world around us but it also allows for invention in diverse areas like medicine, technology and transport. Undoubtedly with more knowledge about this natural force comes further integration into our daily lives too!

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